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core.cache is a Clojure contrib library providing the following features:

* An underlying `CacheProtocol` used as the base abstraction for implementing new synchronous caches

* A `defcache` macro for hooking your `CacheProtocol` implementations into the Clojure associative data capabilities.

* Implementations of some basic caching strategies
  - First-in-first-out (FIFOCache)
  - Least-recently-used (LRUCache)
  - Least-used (LUCache -- sometimes called Least Frequently Used)
  - Time-to-live (TTLCacheQ)
  - Naive cache (BasicCache)
  - Naive cache backed with soft references (SoftCache)

* Implementation of an efficient buffer replacement policy based on the *low inter-reference recency set* algorithm (LIRSCache) described in the [LIRS]( paper

* Factory functions for each existing cache type

* Caches are generally immutable and should be used in conjunction with Clojure's state management, such as `atom`. SoftCache is the exception here, built on top of mutable Java collections, but it can be treated as an immutable cache as well.

The `clojure.core.cache` namespace contains the immutable caches themselves.
The `clojure.core.cache.wrapped` namespace contains the same API operating on caches wrapped in atoms, which is the "normal" use in the wild (introduced in 0.8.0).

core.cache is based on an old library named Clache that has been thoroughly deprecated.

Releases and Dependency Information

This project follows the version scheme MAJOR.MINOR.COMMITS where MAJOR and MINOR provide some relative indication of the size of the change, but do not follow semantic versioning. In general, all changes endeavor to be non-breaking (by moving to new names rather than by breaking existing names). COMMITS is an ever-increasing counter of commits since the beginning of this repository.

Latest stable release: 1.0.207

* [All Released Versions](

* [Development Snapshot Versions](;gav~org.clojure~core.cache~~~)

[Leiningen]( dependency information:

    [org.clojure/core.cache "1.0.207"]

[Maven]( dependency information:


Example Usage

    (require '[clojure.core.cache :as cache])

    (def C1 (cache/fifo-cache-factory {:a 1, :b 2}))

    (def C1' (if (cache/has? C1 :c)
               (cache/hit C1 :c)
               (cache/miss C1 :c 42)))

    ;=> {:a 1, :b 2, :c 42}

    (cache/lookup C1' :c)

    ;=> 42

    (get C1' :c) ; cache/lookup is implemented as get

    ;=> 42

    ;; a shorthand for the above conditional...
    (def C1' (cache/through-cache C1 :c (constantly 42)))
    ;; ...which uses a value to compute the result from the key...
    (cache/through-cache C1 my-key (partial jdbc/get-by-id db-spec :storage))
    ;; you could fetch values from a database if they're not in cache...

    (cache/evict C1 :b)

    ;=> {:a 1}

    ;; since the caches are immutable, you would normally wrap them in an atom
    (def C2 (atom (cache/fifo-cache-factory {:a 1, :b 2})))

    (swap! C2 cache/through-cache :d (constantly 13))

    ;=> {:a 1, :b 3, :d 13}

    (swap! C2 cache/evict :b)

    ;=> {:a 1, :d 13}

    (get @C2 :a)

    ;=> 1

    ;; or use the wrapped API instead:
    (require '[clojure.core.cache.wrapped :as c])

    (def C3 (c/fifo-cache-factory {:a 1, :b 2}))

    (c/through-cache C3 :d (constantly 13)) ; returns updated cache

    ;=> {:a 1, :b 3, :d 13}

    (c/evict C3 :b)

    ;=> {:a 1, :d 13}

    (c/lookup C3 :a) ; or (get @C3 :a)

    ;=> 1

    ;; unique to the wrapped API:
    (c/lookup-or-miss C3 :b (constantly 42))

    ;=> 42


    ;=> {:a 1, :d 13, :b 42}

Refer to docstrings in the `clojure.core.cache` or `clojure.core.cache.wrapped` namespaces, or the [autogenerated API documentation]( for additional documentation.

Developer Information

* [GitHub project](

* [Bug Tracker](

* [Continuous Integration](

* [Compatibility Test Matrix](

Change Log

* Release 1.0.207 on 2020-04-10
  * Switch to 1.0.x versioning.
  * Update `data.priority-map` to 1.0.0
* Release 0.8.2 on 2019-09-30
  * [CCACHE-57]( Fix wrapped cache `miss` function
* Release 0.8.1 on 2019-08-24
  * [CCACHE-56]( Fix wrapped TTL cache and fix `clojure.core.cache.wrapped/lookup-or-miss` for caches that can invalidate on `lookup`
* Release 0.8.0 on 2019-08-24
  * [CCACHE-50]( Add `clojure.core.cache.wrapped` namespace with atom-wrapped caches for a more convenient API that adds `lookup-or-miss` which avoids the possibility of cache stampede
* Release 0.7.2 on 2019-01-06
  * [CCACHE-53]( Remove unnecessary/additional `.get` call (Neil Prosser)
  * [CCACHE-52]( Fix NPE in SoftCache (Neil Prosser)
* Release 0.7.1 on 2018.03.02
  * [CCACHE-49]( Fix TTLCacheQ `seed` function and expand tests on TTLCacheQ
* Release 0.7.0 on 2018.03.01
  * [CCACHE-46]( Fix TTLCache when wrapped around another cache (Ivan Kryvoruchko)
  * [CCACHE-43]( Add `through-cache` to provide a version of `through` that plays nice with `swap!` etc
  * [CCACHE-40]( Fix FIFOCache stack overflow on large threshold (uses PersistentQueue now instead of concat and list)
  * [CCACHE-39]( Fix FIFOCache evict/miss queue handling
  * [CCACHE-20]( Updated README to clarify that caches are immutable and provide examples of use with `atom` etc
  * [CCACHE-15]( Added queue and generation logic to reduce `miss` cost and make `evict` O(1); rename TTLCache -> TTLCacheQ (Kevin Downey)
  * Drop support for Clojure 1.3/1.4/1.5
* Release 0.6.5 on 2016.03.28
  * Bump tools.priority-map dependency to 0.0.7
  * [CCACHE-41]( Implement Iterable in defcache
  * [CCACHE-44]( Avoid equals comparison on cache miss
  * [CCACHE-37]( Fix typo in docstring
* Release 0.6.4 on 2014.08.06
  * Thanks to Paul Stadig and Nicola Mometto who contributed patches for this release
  * [CCACHE-34]( bump tools.priority-map dependency to 0.0.4
  * [CCACHE-28]( concurrency bug in has? for SoftCache
  * [CCACHE-29]( fix conj implementation for caches
  * [CCACHE-30]( make-reference need not be dynamic
  * [CCACHE-26]( hit function in LRU cache can give funny results
* Release 0.6.3 on 2013.03.15
  * Added through to encapsulate check logic
* Release 0.6.2 on 2012.08.07 [more information](
  * Removed reflection warnings
  * Fixed eviction of items from LU, TTL and LRU caches with thresholds less than two
  * Fixed eviction of items from FIFO cache prior to threshold
* Release 0.6.2 on 2012.07.13 [more information](
  * Added SoftCache
  * Fixed eviction of items from LU and LRU caches prior to threshold
  * Adjusted default thresholds in factory functions
* Release 0.5.0 on 2011.12.13 [more information](
  * Added `evict`
  * Added cache factory functions
  * Added associatve operation support

Copyright and License

Copyright (c) Rich Hickey, Michael Fogus and contributors, 2012-2020. All rights reserved.  The use and distribution terms for this software are covered by the Eclipse Public License 1.0 ( which can be found in the file epl-v10.html at the root of this distribution. By using this software in any fashion, you are agreeing to be bound bythe terms of this license.  You must not remove this notice, or any other, from this software.