* Free/Libre Near Field Communication (NFC) library
* Libnfc historical contributors:
* Copyright (C) 2009 Roel Verdult
* Copyright (C) 2009-2015 Romuald Conty
* Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Romain Tartière
* Copyright (C) 2010-2013 Philippe Teuwen
* Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Ludovic Rousseau
* Additional contributors:
* See AUTHORS file
libnfc is a library which allows userspace application access to NFC devices.
The official web site is:
The official forum site is:
The official development site is:
Important note: this file covers POSIX systems, for Windows please read README-Windows.md
Some NFC drivers depend on third party software:
* pn53x_usb & acr122_usb:
- libusb-0.1 http://libusb.sf.net
- pcsc-lite http://pcsclite.alioth.debian.org/
- Support build with pcsc driver, which can be using all compatible readers, Feitian R502 and bR500 already passed the test.
The regression test suite depends on the cutter framework:
See the file `INSTALL` for configure, build and install details.
Additionnally, you may need to grant permissions to your user to drive your device.
Under GNU/Linux systems, if you use udev, you could use the provided udev rules.
e.g. under Debian, Ubuntu, etc.
sudo cp contrib/udev/93-pn53x.rules /lib/udev/rules.d/
Under FreeBSD, if you use devd, there is also a rules file: contrib/devd/pn53x.conf.
In order to change the default behavior of the library, the libnfc uses a
configuration file located in sysconfdir (as provided to ./configure).
A sample commented file is available in sources: libnfc.conf.sample
If you have compiled using:
./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc
you can make configuration directory and copy the sample file:
sudo mkdir /etc/nfc
sudo cp libnfc.conf.sample /etc/nfc/libnfc.conf
To configure multiple devices, you can either modify libnfc.conf or create a
file per device in a nfc/devices.d directory:
sudo mkdir -p /etc/nfc/devices.d
printf 'name = "My first device"\nconnstring = "pn532_uart:/dev/ttyACM0"\n' | sudo tee /etc/nfc/devices.d/first.conf
printf 'name = "My second device"\nconnstring = "pn532_uart:/dev/ttyACM1"\n' | sudo tee /etc/nfc/devices.d/second.conf
How to report bugs
To report a bug, visit https://github.com/nfc-tools/libnfc/issues and fill
out a bug report form.
If you have questions, remarks, we encourage you to post this in the developers
Please make sure to include:
* The version of libnfc
* Information about your system. For instance:
- What operating system and version
- For Linux, what version of the C library
And anything else you think is relevant.
* A trace with debug activated.
Reproduce the bug with debug, e.g. if it was:
$ nfc-list -v
run it as:
$ LIBNFC_LOG_LEVEL=3 nfc-list -v
* How to reproduce the bug.
Please include a short test program that exhibits the behavior.
As a last resort, you can also provide a pointer to a larger piece
of software that can be downloaded.
* If the bug was a crash, the exact text that was printed out
when the crash occured.
* Further information such as stack traces may be useful, but
is not necessary.
Patches can be posted to https://github.com/nfc-tools/libnfc/issues
If the patch fixes a bug, it is usually a good idea to include
all the information described in "How to Report Bugs".
It should be as simple as running these two commands:
To build with specific driver(s), see option `--with-drivers=...` detailed in `./configure --help`.
Note: if you're using directly the development repository and not the release sources, you will have to execute firstly `autoreconf -vis`.
If your Touchatag or ACR122 device fails being detected by libnfc, make sure
that PCSC-lite daemon (`pcscd`) is installed and is running.
If your Touchatag or ACR122 device fails being detected by PCSC-lite daemon
(`pcsc_scan` doesn't see anything) then try removing the bogus firmware detection
of libccid: edit libccid_Info.plist configuration file (usually
`/etc/libccid_Info.plist`) and locate `<key>ifdDriverOptions</key>`, turn
`<string>0x0000</string>` value into `0x0004` to allow bogus devices and restart
Using an ACR122 device with libnfc and without tag (e.g. to use NFCIP modes or
card emulation) needs yet another PCSC-lite tweak: You need to allow usage of
CCID Exchange command. To do this, edit `libccid_Info.plist` configuration file
(usually `/etc/libccid_Info.plist`) and locate `<key>ifdDriverOptions</key>`,
turn `<string>0x0000</string>` value into `0x0001` to allow CCID exchange or
`0x0005` to allow CCID exchange and bogus devices (cf previous remark) and
restart pcscd daemon.
Warning: if you use ACS CCID drivers (acsccid), configuration file is located
in something like: `/usr/lib/pcsc/drivers/ifd-acsccid.bundle/Contents/Info.plist`
Libnfc cannot be used concurrently with the PCSC proprietary driver of SCL3711.
Two possible solutions:
* Either you don't install SCL3711 driver at all
* Or you stop the PCSC daemon when you want to use libnfc-based tools
PN533 USB device on Linux >= 3.1:
Since Linux kernel version 3.1, a few kernel-modules must not be loaded in order
to use libnfc : "nfc", "pn533" and "pn533_usb".
To prevent kernel from loading automatically these modules, you can blacklist
them in a modprobe conf file. This file is provided within libnfc archive:
sudo cp contrib/linux/blacklist-libnfc.conf /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-libnfc.conf
FEITIAN bR500 and R502:
Libnfc can work with PCSC proprietary driver of bR500 and R502, which is already available on most Linux setups.
To activate the PCSC support: `./configure --with-drivers=pcsc`.
Readers known to work:
- Feitian bR500
- Feitian R502 Dual interface reader
- Feitian R502 CL(Contactless) reader
These readers are support by CCID since v1.4.25, make sure your CCID driver version higher or equal to 1.4.25.
On MacOS, you can check your CCID version with the following command, and if required, you can install latest CCID driver from [https://github.com/martinpaljak/osx-ccid-installer/releases](https://github.com/martinpaljak/osx-ccid-installer/releases)
grep -A 1 CFBundleShortVersionString /usr/local/libexec/SmartCardServices/drivers/ifd-ccid.bundle/Contents/Info.plist
On Linux, you can check your CCID version with the following command, and if required, you can install latest CCID driver from [https://ccid.apdu.fr/](https://ccid.apdu.fr/)
grep -A 1 CFBundleShortVersionString /usr/lib/pcsc/drivers/ifd-ccid.bundle/Contents/Info.plist
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