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# Contributing to Gitlab

Please take a moment to review this document in order to make the contribution
process easy and effective for everyone involved!

## Using the issue tracker

You can use the issues tracker for:

* [bug reports](#bug-reports)
* [feature requests](#feature-requests)
* [submitting pull requests](#pull-requests)

Use [Stackoverflow](http://stackoverflow.com/) for questions and personal support requests.

## Bug reports

A bug is a _demonstrable problem_ that is caused by the code in the repository.
Good bug reports are extremely helpful - thank you!

Guidelines for bug reports:

1. **Use the GitHub issue search** — check if the issue has already been
   reported.

2. **Check if the issue has been fixed** — try to reproduce it using the
   `master` branch in the repository.

3. **Isolate and report the problem** — ideally create a reduced test
   case.

Please try to be as detailed as possible in your report. Include information about
your Ruby, Gitlab client and GitLab instance versions. Please provide steps to
reproduce the issue as well as the outcome you were expecting! All these details
will help developers to fix any potential bugs.

Example:

> Short and descriptive example bug report title
>
> A summary of the issue and the environment in which it occurs. If suitable,
> include the steps required to reproduce the bug.
>
> 1. This is the first step
> 2. This is the second step
> 3. Further steps, etc.
>
> Any other information you want to share that is relevant to the issue being
> reported. This might include the lines of code that you have identified as
> causing the bug, and potential solutions (and your opinions on their
> merits).

## Feature requests

Feature requests are welcome. But take a moment to find out whether your idea
fits with the scope and aims of the project. It's up to *you* to make a strong
case to convince the community of the merits of this feature.
Please provide as much detail and context as possible.

## Contributing Documentation

Code documentation has a special convention: it uses [YARD](http://yardoc.org/)
formatting and the first paragraph is considered to be a short summary.

For methods say what it will do. For example write something like:

```ruby
# Reverses the contents of a String or IO object.
#
# @param [String, #read] contents the contents to reverse
# @return [String] the contents reversed lexically
def reverse(contents)
  contents = contents.read if contents.respond_to? :read
  contents.reverse
end
```

For classes, modules say what it is. For example write something like:

```ruby
# Defines methods related to groups.
module Groups
```

Keep in mind that the documentation notes might show up in a summary somewhere,
long texts in the documentation notes create very ugly summaries. As a rule of thumb
anything longer than 80 characters is too long.

Try to keep unnecessary details out of the first paragraph, it's only there to
give a user a quick idea of what the documented "thing" does/is. The rest of the
documentation notes can contain the details, for example parameters and what
is returned.

If possible include examples. For example:

```ruby
# Gets information about a project.
#
# @example
#   Gitlab.project(3)
#   Gitlab.project('gitlab')
#
# @param  [Integer, String] id The ID or name of a project.
# @return [Gitlab::ObjectifiedHash]
def project(id)
```

This makes it easy to test the examples so that they don't go stale and examples
are often a great help in explaining what a method does.

## Pull requests

Good pull requests - patches, improvements, new features - are a fantastic
help. They should remain focused in scope and avoid containing unrelated
commits.

**IMPORTANT**: By submitting a patch, you agree that your work will be
licensed under the license used by the project.

If you have any large pull request in mind (e.g. implementing features,
refactoring code, etc), **please ask first** otherwise you risk spending
a lot of time working on something that the project's developers might
not want to merge into the project.

Please adhere to the coding conventions in the project (indentation,
accurate comments, etc.) and don't forget to add your own tests and
documentation. When working with git, we recommend the following process
in order to craft an excellent pull request:

1. [Fork](https://help.github.com/articles/fork-a-repo/) the project, clone your fork,
   and configure the remotes:

   ```sh
   # Clone your fork of the repo into the current directory
   git clone https://github.com/<your-username>/gitlab
   # Navigate to the newly cloned directory
   cd gitlab
   # Assign the original repo to a remote called "upstream"
   git remote add upstream https://github.com/NARKOZ/gitlab
   ```

2. If you cloned a while ago, get the latest changes from upstream:

   ```bash
   git checkout master
   git pull upstream master
   ```

3. Create a new topic branch (off of `master`) to contain your feature, change,
   or fix.

   **IMPORTANT**: Making changes in `master` is discouraged. You should always
   keep your local `master` in sync with upstream `master` and make your
   changes in topic branches.

   ```sh
   git checkout -b <topic-branch-name>
   ```

4. Commit your changes in logical chunks. Keep your commit messages organized,
   with a short description in the first line and more detailed information on
   the following lines. Feel free to use Git's
   [interactive rebase](https://help.github.com/articles/about-git-rebase/)
   feature to tidy up your commits before making them public.

5. Make sure all the tests are still passing.

   ```sh
   rake
   ```

6. Push your topic branch up to your fork:

   ```sh
   git push origin <topic-branch-name>
   ```

7. [Open a Pull Request](https://help.github.com/articles/using-pull-requests/)
    with a clear title and description.

8. If you haven't updated your pull request for a while, you should consider
   rebasing on master and resolving any conflicts.

   **IMPORTANT**: _Never ever_ merge upstream `master` into your branches. You
   should always `git rebase` on `master` to bring your changes up to date when
   necessary.

   ```sh
   git checkout master
   git pull upstream master
   git checkout <your-topic-branch>
   git rebase master
   ```

Thank you for your contributions!